With no permanent government and militant groups controlling large expanses of territory, Somalia was the supreme “failed state” for longer than two decades.

Advanced schooling all but collapsed: classes with the https://simad.edu.so/ were indefinitely suspended in the early 1990s and merely a few institutions continued to function.

Now, stability is returning and reconstruction is under way. The national university reopened this past year and the chance of advanced schooling is large: three-quarters in the East African country’s population is younger than 30, while 46 percent is below age of 15.

Having a government that stays fragile and ineffective with the Islamist militant group generally known as al-Shabab yet to get defeated, significant obstacles to the development of universities remain.

This became highlighted in April by the attack on Garissa University College in Kenya, which was launched by al-Shabab from inside Somalia and left 147 people dead.

But Abdulkareem Jama, the executive vice-president of Mogadishu?s City University, argues that developing advanced schooling in Somalia is ?easier than [in] most places?.

I cannot imagine a country which you could offer an impact that may be so fundamental as regulating advanced schooling or setting up place steps that may improve it, he explained. ?As the political class is small, and knows one another, it is easier for us to make something, sell it off on the minister or president and set it into position.

Mr Jama, who returned to Somalia in 2009 from a successful career in the united states that spanned 30 years, is obviously well connected: he served as a senior adviser for the Somalian president and after that because the country?s information minister before joining City University, an exclusive, not-for-profit institution.

Mr Jama told Times Higher Education that regulation was the true secret challenge facing Somalia?s emerging higher education sector. Following the return of peace to much of the nation, there has been a proliferation of for-profit universities, with about 40 now operating from the capital alone.

Couple of their lecturers have PhDs and even master?s degrees and, while tuition is normally in English, many for-profit universities do not provide English language training. Therefore, although these private universities make big profits, the strength of the educational which takes place is questionable, Mr Jama said.

In the majority of countries, this may be a case in which the government can be expected to step in but, in Somalia, academics are doing it themselves.

City University, which recruits faculty from across Africa and further afield and is probably the few universities to maintain basic entry standards, is working with similar institutions within the Somali Research and Education Network.

This can be drawing up basic standards on issues for example the academic qualifications of staff, facilities and curriculum content.

Even though the Ministry of Advanced Schooling should not be supposed to enforce these standards yet, Mr Jama hopes how the government could be persuaded to set their list of universities that meet them on its website.

Students will see this and will also force other universities in order to meet these standards, Mr Jama said. ?This can be a catalyst for the shake-up that will be useful for the continent and also the nation.

While this sounds simple enough, to outside observers it could appear that security continues to be the major challenge which might hinder universities? tries to attract researchers from the outside Somalia.

Recently, an al-Shabab attack in the Ministry of Advanced Schooling along with other government departments in April left 17 people dead. But Mr Jama stated that, despite the Garissa attack, al-Shabab had dexlpky23 clear that universities in Somalia were not really a target.

This is a nuance that was ?not lost on us?, as outlined by Mr Jama, who argued that the dangers in Somalia were ?not anywhere next to the perception that individuals have?.

Things happen once in a while but it really doesn?t stop the land from developing, he added. “It doesn’t stop 1000s of students gonna university daily.”

Those students would be the key focus for universities within the research and education network, since they offer Somalia?s brightest hope for a more prosperous future. Subjects offered at City University include civil engineering, political science, agriculture and business administration, which all is going to be vital for development.